Certificates of Origin. Certificate of Origin (CO) is an export document to certify the country of manufacture of a shipment. It is normally required by customs, banks and traders for trade formalities. These certificates are essential for exporters to prove where their goods come from and therefore stake their claim to whatever benefits goods of Indian origin may be eligible for in the country of exports.
There are two categories of Certificate of Origin – (1) Preferential and (2) Non-Preferential
Preferential arrangement/scheme under which India is receiving tariff preferences for its exports are:
These Preferential arrangements/agreements prescribe Rules of Origin which have to be met for exports to be eligible for tariff preference.
Authorisedagencies o¬n charging a fee asprescribed by them provides services relating to issue of Certificate of Origin, including details regarding rules of origin, list of items covered by an agreement, extent of tariff preference, verification and certification n of eligibility.
ExportInspection Council (EIC) is agency authorized to print blank certificates.
It is a non-contractual instrument by which industrialized (developed) countries unilaterally and based o¬n non-reciprocity extend tariff concessions to developing countries. Presently following countries extend tariffpreferences under their GSP Scheme:
|(I) usa||(Ii) new Zealand||(Iii) belarus|
|(Iv) eu||(V) japan||(Vi) russia|
|(Vii) canada||(Viii) norway||(Ix) australia (Only To Ldcs)|
|(X) switzerland||(Xi) bulgaria|
Normally Customs of GSP offering countries require information in Form ‘A’ (prescribed for GSP Rules of Origin) duly filled by exporters of beneficiary countries and certified by the authorized agencies.
List of agencies authorized to issue GSP Certificate of Origin is given at Appendix 4A to the Hand Book of Procedures vol.I
UnderGSTP, tariff concessions are exchanged among developing countries who have signed agreement.Presently 46 countries are members of GSTP and India has exchanged tariff concessions with 12countries o¬n a limited number of products.Export Inspection Council (EIC)is sole agency authorized to issue Certificate of Origin under GSTP.
SAARC members namelyIndia, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives offering tariff concessions among SAARC countries. List of agencies authorized to issue Certificate of Origin is given at Appendix 4B to the Hand Book of Procedures vol.I(FIEO is o¬ne of the agencies authorized to issue Certificate)
APTA offers liberalization of tariff and non-tariff barriers in order to expand trade in goods in Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) region.Presently Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, South Korea, India and China are exchanging tariff concessions under APTA.List of Agencies authorized to issue Certificate of Origin under APTA is given in Appendix 4B to the Hand Book of Procedures vol.I (FIEO is o¬ne of the agencies authorized to issue Certificate)
This Free Trade Agreement is between India and Sri Lanka which offers tariff concession by the Governments of both countries.Export Inspection Council is sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this agreement.
This preferential trade agreement is betweenGovernments of India and Afghanistan.ExportInspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this Agreement.
India and Thailand have signed protocol to implement Early Harvest Scheme under India-Thailand Free Trade Agreement offering tariff preferences for imports o¬n items of Early Harvest Scheme o¬nly to those products which satisfy Rules of Origin criteria notified by the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance vide notification no 101/2004-Customs dated 31.08.2004.Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this protocol.
This Comprehensive Economic Cooperation agreement is between Government of India and Malaysia. Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this Agreement, with effect from 1st July 2011.
The Government of India and the Republic of Korea have signed the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) to liberalize and facilitate trade in goods and services and expand investment between the Countries. Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this Agreement.
The Government of India and the Government of Japan have signed the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) to increase investment opportunities and strengthen protection for investments and investment activities between the Countries. Export Inspection Council is the sole agency to issue Certificate of Origin under this Agreement.
Following the implementation of NAFTA, the Government of Mexico introduced the obligatory certificate of origin rule in terms of which, the Certificate of Origin of Indian products to be exported to Mexico must be attested by designated officials of the authorised EPCs/Trade bodies/Chambers of Commerce or the authorities so empowered (FIEO is o¬ne of the authorised agency to sign the Certificate of Origin).
Government have also nominated certain agencies to issue Non Preferential Certificate of Origin in accordance with Article II of International Convention Relating to simplification of Customs formalities,1923.These Certificate of Origins evidence origin of goods and do not bestow anyright to preferential tariffs.
List ofagencies authorized to issue Non Preferential Certificate of Origin is given in Appendix 4C to the Hand Book Procedures vol.I. (FIEO is o¬ne of the agencies authorized to issue Certificate)
Exporters desiring Non preferential Certificate of Origin may apply any agency enlisted in Appendix 4C to Hand Book of Procedures vol.I with following documents:
The concerned agency would ensure that goods are of Indian origin as per general principles governing rules of origin before granting Non Preferential Certificate of Origin. The Certificate would be issued as per format given in Annexure II to Appendix 4C to the Hand Book of Procedures. It should be ensured that no correction/re-type is made o¬n the Certificate.